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The GPA contains a number of provisions to ensure that tendering procedures for public procurement in signatory countries are transparent, efficient and fair. The Signatories have agreed that: Any company from a signatory country that wishes to sell goods or services covered by the GPA to a procuring entity from another signatory country listed in Annex I to the GPA may benefit from this Agreement. The World Trade Organization estimates that the value of the government procurement opportunities covered by the agreement amounts to hundreds of billions of dollars per year. The World Trade Organization (WTO) Agreement on Government Procurement, commonly known as the GPA, establishes a framework of government procurement rights and obligations among WTO Members that have signed it. The signatories agreed that suppliers of goods and services in other signatory States will not be treated less favourably than domestic suppliers in government procurement covered by the agreement and that their laws, regulations and procedures relating to government procurement will be transparent and fair. Many procurement options are also published electronically. The agreement was revised in March 2012 and also expands the supply it covers. It entered into force on 6 April 2014 after the acceptance threshold for two-thirds of the parties was reached on 7 March 2014. It has no expiration date. The Agreement on Government Procurement (GPA) is a plurilateral agreement under the auspices of the World Trade Organization (WTO) that regulates the purchase of goods and services by the authorities of the Parties to the Agreement on the basis of the principles of openness, transparency and non-discrimination. The text of the agreement contains rules stipulating that open, fair and transparent conditions of competition in public procurement must be guaranteed. However, these rules do not automatically apply to all procurement activities of each party.

Rather, coverage plans play a crucial role in determining whether or not a procurement activity is covered by the agreement. Only procurement activities carried out by covered companies that purchase listed goods, services or construction services with a value exceeding certain thresholds are covered by the Agreement. These schedules are accessible to the public here. In accordance with Article V of the revised GPA, special and differential treatment for developing countries may be negotiated in the form of transitional measures such as offsets, preferential price programmes, initially higher thresholds and the gradual introduction of facilities by a developing country in the accession process, subject to the agreement of the other Parties and the development needs of the acceding Member. On 30 March 2012, the Parties to the GPA adopted a revision of the GPA. The revised agreement expands the supply covered by the GPA to provide new opportunities for U.S. goods, services and suppliers to participate in central and sub-central procurement in the other GPA parties. The revised agreement also includes a substantial improvement in the wording of the agreement by modernising the text to reflect current procurement practices and clarifying its commitments. The revised Agreement shall enter into force for those Parties which have accepted it on the 30th day following such deposit by two-thirds of the Parties to the current Agreement and thereafter for each Party which accepts it on the 30th day following its adoption.

Surrogacy applies to procurement by any contractual means, including purchase, leasing or leasing with or without a call option. It applies to companies listed by each signatory country in Annex I (external link) to the agreement. Annex 1 of Appendix I lists the central government agencies covered, Annex 2 lists the agencies of the sub-central government and Annex 3 lists the other agencies. The Agreement on Government Procurement (GPA) consists of Parties covering WTO Members (including the European Union and its 27 Member States, as well as the United Kingdom, all of which are covered by the Agreement, as a Single Party). Other WTO Members/Observers and four international organizations participate as observers in the GPA Committee. these observer members are in the process of acceding to the Convention. One of these observers, the United Kingdom, is seeking to join the revised GPA for the period after the transition period (provided for in the EU-UK Withdrawal Agreement), during which the United Kingdom is treated as a Member State of the European Union (GPA/CD/2). .