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This week, a quarter of a century ago, a historic peace agreement was signed, ending a particularly brutal war in Eastern Europe. The strongest threat to peace initialled this week comes from the Bosnian Serbs, who not only publicly condemned the agreement, but also privately refused to initialize the map or military annexes of the long and complex agreement. The Bosnian Serbs in the delegation, to whom Milosevic showed the final map minutes before the announcement of the peace agreement, were stunned to see that they had lost the suburbs of Sarajevo and the imposing heights they had defended throughout the siege. Prior to the agreement, Bosnian Serbs controlled about 46 per cent of Bosnia and Herzegovina (23,687 km2), Bosniaks 28 per cent (14,505 km2) and Bosnian Croats 25 per cent (12,937 km2). Dayton Agreement, peace agreement, which was signed on 21 September. In November 1995, the Presidents of Bosnia, Croatia and Serbia ended the war in Bosnia and outlined a comprehensive framework agreement for peace in Bosnia and Herzegovina. It preserved Bosnia as a single state composed of two parts, the Bosnian Croat Federation and the Republika Srpska, with Sarajevo remaining the undivided capital. „It was 6 to 8 p.m. days. He deliberately let her work late at night. Early in the morning, he kept up the pressure. He often used the press or asked me to use the press to put pressure on them. And he also took advantage of the threat to leave.

I think around the 18th or 19th day, we were supposed to end the peace conference and we didn`t have an agreement. And Holbrooke said, „We`re going to make them believe we`re going to go out. They rushed to another dispute with Dirty Dick – US chief negotiator Richard Holbrooke – to hand over the flags and chairs and restore some of the euro`s honours. The 21-day negotiations in Dayton may have resulted in a Bosnian peace agreement, but they opened up a huge rift between the UNITED STATES and the Europeans in the contact group. The Bosnian War ended after a final ceasefire was negotiated in Dayton, Ohio, USA. The Dayton Accords called for a federalized Bosnia and Herzegovina, in which 51 percent of the country is expected to form a Croat-Bosnian federation and 49 percent a Serbian republic. The agreement was officially signed in December 1995. The agreement is known as the Dayton Accords because the negotiations took place at Wright-Patterson Air Force Base near Dayton, Ohio.

The trial was led by Richard Holbrooke, the chief U.S. peace negotiator, and Secretary of State Warren Christopher. The immediate objective of the agreement was to freeze the military confrontation and prevent its resumption. It has therefore been defined as the „construction of necessity”. [11] The leaders of the former Yugoslavia were replaced on a simple oak desk by two triumvirates of world leaders who signed the same four copies of the General Framework Agreement for Peace in Bosnia and Herzegovina – three in Serbo-Croatian and one in English. „Milosevic insisted that there was no more than a two-mile-wide corridor to connect Sarajevo and Gorazde. General (Wesley) Clark took him to play Nintendo and showed him that God didn`t design the topography that way. Milosevic sipped his whiskey, accepted five miles, and now we call it Scotch Road,” a U.S. official said. The Bosnian peace plan was hard-won, but it ended four bloody years that claimed the lives of more than 250,000 people and drove more than two million people to flee their homes. The final agreement was a tribute to the skills of Holbrooke and his negotiating team; Foreign Minister Christopher, who, at critical times, played a crucial role in keeping bosniaks on board and concluding the agreement; Anthony Lake, who helped sell the peace initiative to the parties concerned and who, along with Holbrooke, lobbied for the final talks to take place in the United States; Deputy National Security Advisor Samuel Berger, who chaired meetings of the Committee of Deputies that kept participants in other countries` national security operations informed of what was happening without allowing too much interference; and to the United Nations ambassador, Madeleine Albright, who effectively advocated for the strong position of the United States in the world organization. „It was an attempt by the United States to control the embassy, to pressure some of these political leaders in their home countries to finally make the kind of compromise necessary in a very difficult peace deal of this kind.” Under a painted ceiling of the Elysée Palace depicting „The Republic Protects Peace,” the presidents of Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia and Serbia signed an agreement to end nearly four years of the worst fighting in Europe since World War II.

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